Why Do Republicans Keep Destroying Their Own Leaders?

“McCarthy selected to simply accept his destiny”
“Trump acted as a lightning rod”
“Dominated by a lunatic fringe”
“The tradition of democracy is powerful”
“A challenge at conflict with the Structure”
“Lengthy-brewing storm”
“Considered one of their chief targets is payback”

It’s not straightforward to shock official Washington, however the sudden defenestration of Kevin McCarthy managed to shock and unsettle even those that had predicted it since he was elected speaker earlier this yr.

Whereas McCarthy grew to become the primary speaker ever ousted by a movement to vacate, he’s the most recent in an extended line of GOP leaders to do battle with conservative rebels and be felled in a method or one other. John Boehner, Eric Cantor, Paul Ryan and now McCarthy — these are the current ones, however the sample goes again to Newt Gingrich. Why does this hold taking place?

We requested a few of the smartest thinkers and observers of politics and Capitol Hill to weigh in. One thing appears damaged in American politics — however what’s it? Does the dysfunction stem from a illness within the Republican Occasion, or is it decay within the establishment of Congress? Or is it one thing else solely — and is there a means to sort things, so we will return to some semblance of a wholesome democracy?

Their responses leaned closely towards blaming a populist, Trumpian, and even nihilistic flip within the GOP, though others took challenge with the premise of the query, arguing that stability in politics isn’t at all times an indication of well being or that American politics is probably not as fractured because it appears. Few, although, have been optimistic about enchancment any time quickly.

Right here’s what they needed to say:

‘McCarthy did little to withstand the feral route of his celebration’


Geoffrey Kabaservice is the director of political research on the Niskanen Middle in Washington, D.C., in addition to the creator of Rule and Destroy: The Downfall of Moderation and the Destruction of the Republican Occasion.

Okevin McCarthy’s ouster from the speakership was, from a short-term perspective, merely the results of his personal unhealthy selections and the leverage his enemies may train in an evenly divided Home. In an extended view, nevertheless, the chaos inside the Republican Occasion comes from a failure to heed the exhortation Sen. Barry Goldwater of Arizona provided his followers greater than 60 years in the past. “Let’s develop up, conservatives,” he urged on the 1960 Republican Nationwide Conference, and work to “take this celebration again.” They obeyed the second a part of Goldwater’s injunction however not the primary. The conservative motion that has dominated the Republican Occasion for many years has attained energy with out reaching political maturity.

A grown-up Republican Occasion — even a deeply conservative one — would settle for the rule of regulation, the norms of liberal democracy, and the legitimacy of the opposing celebration. It could search to signify all People and would prioritize profitable converts over destroying heretics. It could be a governing celebration, understanding full nicely that governing is inconceivable with out negotiation and compromise. It could settle for America’s accountability to uphold the post-World Warfare II international order. Its management would search to deal with the actual wants and issues of its working-class base whereas resisting the conspiracy theories, demagoguery and temptations towards political violence to which populism is all too vulnerable.

Sadly, that’s not the Republican Occasion we now have. As a substitute, we now have a celebration that prefers mood tantrums to governing, fantasies about stolen elections to the arduous work of interesting to swing voters. It could relatively destroy the federal paperwork than use it to implement conservative insurance policies. More and more it poses a risk to nationwide stability and world order. Kevin McCarthy did little to withstand the feral route of his celebration and far to indulge it. The following speaker will both discover the braveness to face towards this Republican nihilism or be consumed by it in flip.

‘Our infatuation with the two-party system … has at all times been balky’


Mary Frances Berry is the Geraldine Segal professor of American social thought on the College of Pennsylvania.

Okevin McCarthy’s ouster is one other vital image of a break within the American political system. In 1910, Democrats joined Republicans aggrieved by Speaker Joe Cannon’s tyrannical management of the Home to scale back the speaker’s powers. However then they helped Cannon to to vacate supposed to take away him from the speakership.

This time the Democrats voted towards the Matt Gaetz-led rebels to cross McCarthy’s persevering with decision to fund the federal government, after which they turned towards McCarthy to cross the movement to vacate. This may increasingly appear to be good politics in its crudest kind. But when we view the present scenario not as an “American” political system (which is a two-party system), however as a parliamentary system (Britain, Canada, Australia, and so on.) then McCarthy’s ouster is a vote of no confidence within the present “coalition” of “events” — or caucuses.

Our constant and ill-advised infatuation with a two-party system — one thing that the Founding Fathers didn’t embody within the Structure — has at all times been balky, forcing the voters and its representatives to hew to one among two celebration rules in rhetoric if not the truth is. The stranglehold of the present celebration system and the exclusion of insurgents within the electoral course of beneath Republican and Democratic celebration guidelines simply provides to the numbers of residents who really feel their views are ignored.

Due to this fact, using the movement to vacate, just like the elevated use of impeachment as a weapon, will proceed till this drawback is instantly addressed. Maybe actual political celebration upheaval — a fracturing into a number of events — is a greater choice, no more Frankenstein amalgamations within the title of unity.

‘Everybody concerned acted rationally, virtually clinically so’


Liam Donovan is a principal at Bracewell LLP and a former Nationwide Republican Senatorial Committee aide.

No one ought to shed any tears for Kevin McCarthy. He obtained the job he sought his total profession, carried out in addition to anybody may have fairly anticipated, and stored the balls within the air longer than he in all probability had any enterprise doing. Caught between unstoppable pressure and immovable object, ultimately, McCarthy selected to simply accept his destiny relatively than contrive some untenable transactional truce. No matter his future in Congress holds, he’ll have an extended second act as a Republican sensible man, and his ouster will probably be mythologized into partisan martyrdom.

Nor are you able to blame Home Democrats for declining to fend off — whether or not by motion or inaction — a beast of the suitable’s personal creation. In the long run, they selected to function Matt Gaetz’s executioner as a result of they might; as a result of their deepening distrust of the speaker eclipsed any perceived worth in his ongoing survival; and since affording any measure of grace — even out of partisan self-interest — would have been met with fury by a base whose contempt for McCarthy matched the caucus’ personal.

Even Gaetz, the jester of the GOP, achieved his vainglorious finish, setting into movement a political trolley drawback that achieved what he couldn’t or wouldn’t by himself, and, maybe most significantly, casting himself because the star of the present.

Finally the tragedy of this week — and for the speedy way forward for congressional politics, it’s a tragedy — is that everybody concerned acted rationally, virtually clinically so, in keeping with their respective incentives. The calculus that prompted McCarthy to cheat his personal future so long as he did was vacated alongside along with his workplace, and the circumstances surrounding his defenestration have already eroded what few bipartisan courtesies had survived thus far. As long as the nihilist’s veto exists — newly operationalized, and all of the sudden with precedent — even the baseline capabilities of presidency will probably be in query.

Altering the foundations of the Home is a begin. However as long as voters proceed to channel their frustrations with Washington by sending individuals dedicated to burning it down, the cycle of dysfunction will proceed.

‘This isn’t democracy. It’s the heartbeat of authoritarianism.’


Joanne Freeman is the Class of 1954 professor of American historical past and of American research at Yale College.

Without a doubt, the Republican ousting of Republican Speaker Kevin McCarthy is a banner of dysfunction. Sifting by way of the chaos for its that means is extra complicated. It definitely indicators that one thing is damaged, however what? It’s not the Republican Occasion’s fracture in and of itself. Fractured political events are hardly new; the nineteenth century was the good age of splintering events. We’ve had contentious speakerships earlier than (although a celebration ousting its personal speaker is one thing particular). Extremism runs all through American historical past. Even election denial isn’t new — although largely congressional elections have been challenged. Historical past teaches that a lot of the ugliness of the present second has … nicely … a historical past.

Extra noteworthy is the willingness — even eagerness — of some Republicans to desert democratic requirements, norms and practices. This isn’t an ethereal matter of a damaged spirit or wrong-headed beliefs. It’s a brass-tacks actuality, a technique in movement all through the nation: election denial, contested voting rights, denouncing any and all opposition as illicit and un-American. For essentially the most half, fellow Republicans have allowed this extremism to flourish unopposed.

However it’s not an excessive faction of the Republican Occasion at fault, not less than, not alone. The celebration’s unity is the issue, its shared concentrate on ends (uncontested rule) over means (democratic practices). Norms and guidelines be damned, they really feel entitled to sustaining energy. This isn’t democracy. It’s the heartbeat of authoritarianism.

At its core, democracy is governance by contestation. Debate and compromise, free and honest elections, are contests that check insurance policies and management, mirror public pursuits and foster change. Kevin McCarthy’s seeming sin — negotiation — is the lifeblood of democracy and Congress.

The Republican assault on democratic give-and-take has uncovered a tough reality: Democracy doesn’t go of itself. People have taken it as a right. We’ve assumed that it’s ours by proper. It isn’t. It’s a course of, not an endpoint. It have to be bettered and defended, or it fails. So the reply to the query: what’s damaged? Our dedication to democracy is damaged; many people can’t see — or refuse to see —that yawning abyss; and Republicans are seizing that benefit and damaging democracy within the course of.

‘One other profound repudiation of the Structure’s core’


Aziz Huq teaches regulation on the College of Chicago and is the creator of .

concisely caught the underlying hard-right purpose of driving Kevin McCarthy from the speakership: Dismantle individuals’s perception that “authorities is a profit.” The challenge is pure chutzpah: Disable Congress in plain sight, after which loudly complain that the federal government you’ve simply wrecked doesn’t work. In its methodology and its goals, it’s a challenge at conflict with the Structure.

Think about methodology first: For its operation, the Structure’s design presumes legislators who prize nationwide curiosity over what James Madison referred to as “factious,” native curiosity. Madison thought that nationwide elections would “refine and enlarge” the standard of nationwide representations compared to their native friends. To us, this appears optimistic at greatest. However politicians are usually not simply the sum of the structural forces appearing on them (gerrymandering, darkish cash, and so on.). They’ve company, and may make selections. These on the arduous proper who precipitated McCarthy’s fall demonstrated an unblinking zealotry and contempt for his or her colleagues inside and past the celebration in ways in which exemplify the spirit Madison repudiated. It’s a spirit, as McCarthy himself acknowledged in his resignation speech, sharply at odds with the Structure’s design.

And what of goals? The Framers performed a “Revolution in favor of presidency,” to cite the historian Max Edling. They constructed a authorities that would work. Whereas the outer contours of federal energy have lengthy been contested, the core intention of the Structure to create a working state to satisfy the worldwide and financial challenges of the day was by no means doubtful. Advocates of the hard-right challenge right now deeply misunderstand the Framers right here. In impact, they ignore the primary 4 goals listed within the Structure in favor of an emphasis on “Liberty” (for the choose, right-thinking few, not less than). Such selectivity is, in its personal means, one other profound repudiation of the Structure’s core.

‘The speaker’s chair is vacant due to distrust and misaligned expectations’


Invoice Scher is a contributing author to Politico Journal, the politics editor for the Washington Month-to-month and co-host of “The DMZ,” an internet present and podcast with conservative author Matt Lewis.

The drawback is just too many individuals assume American politics is extra damaged than it’s in actuality.

Up to now three years, broad coalitions have shaped to spend money on infrastructure, improve gun security, help semiconductor manufacturing, help Ukraine and even shore up the funds of the USA Postal Service.

When Republicans took over the Home and far-right nihilists agitated for an economically devastating default on the federal authorities’s debt obligations, a strong bipartisan majority embraced the funds deal that averted a disaster. Simply final week, regardless of lingering disagreements about spending ranges, border safety and Ukraine, an identical bipartisan coalition made certain the federal authorities wouldn’t shut down.

And but, a small variety of Republican ideologues and gadflies refused to simply accept that now-former Speaker Kevin McCarthy had restrained spending as a lot as politically doable. In the meantime, as they watched McCarthy pressure to take care of Republican unity, Home Democrats didn’t belief him to stay with the spending ranges set within the debt restrict deal, or proceed to maintain the federal government open. The speaker’s chair is vacant due to the distrust and misaligned expectations of those two teams.

Discovering widespread floor in an evenly divided nation will at all times be difficult. However leaders in each events have been choosing their spots and discovering pathways to success. American politics wasn’t damaged. Till Tuesday.

‘All three of the Weapons have been shot down by their very own gang’


Norman Ornstein is an emeritus scholar on the American Enterprise Institute.

It has been clear for some years that what’s damaged in American politics is the Republican Occasion. The roots return for many years — beginning with Newt Gingrich’s arrival within the Home in 1979. However the present chaos was triggered, satirically, by the self-proclaimed “Younger Weapons” — Paul Ryan, Eric Cantor and Kevin McCarthy — after they went across the nation in 2009 recruiting tea celebration radicals, exploiting their anger after the monetary collapse and the backlash towards Barack Obama, promising to explode the institution in Washington with the hopes that they might use that anger to catapult themselves into the bulk. Their expectation was that after these tea celebration radicals have been within the Home, they might co-opt them. As a substitute, after all, they have been co-opted. John Boehner was the primary sufferer of the Younger Weapons, however now all three of the Weapons have been shot down by their very own gang. Cantor misplaced his seat to a tea celebration radical; Ryan suffered the identical destiny as speaker as John Boehner, pressured to go away by the unconventional proper. And now McCarthy, the final one standing, has been taken out by the identical forces in an much more dramatic method.

Donald Trump was in some methods a logical extension of the nihilistic, radical politics that emerged within the 20 years earlier than his emergence as a presidential candidate and president. However he was an accelerant, not the trigger. The GOP transformation right into a radical cult was there earlier than he grew to become its chief, and was itself formed and incited by the rise of tribal media and social media, and superior by gerrymandering and different political instruments that insulated a minority within the nation from the results of their radical statements and actions. McCarthy paid the worth — however we’ll all pay a heavier worth with an ungovernable Home dominated by a lunatic fringe that’s now on the middle of the GOP.

‘There needed to be payback towards McCarthy’


Seth Masket is a professor of political science and director of the Middle on American Politics on the College of Denver.

What we’re seeing this week is the populist takeover of the Republican Occasion. These populists don’t have a really lengthy checklist of public coverage targets; relatively, one among their chief targets is payback. Individuals who cross them should be taught a lesson. And that is directed each at Democrats, who they really feel should be punished for what they’ve carried out beforehand when in workplace, and at their much less trustworthy fellow Republicans — the individuals who must be on board however aren’t. For somebody like Rep. Matt Gaetz, who initiated the trouble to dethrone McCarthy, getting substantial media consideration for efficiently inflicting payback is a significant accomplishment.

Former President Donald Trump has demonstrated this bent towards payback fairly persistently. His rationale in encouraging Home Republicans to question President Joe Biden is that “they did it to us.” A second Trump time period would largely be centered on settling scores — purging the chief department of those that weren’t sufficiently loyal. It’s not precisely a coincidence that right now’s different massive political story is that Trump now has a gag order on him for making an attempt to ask retribution on the clerk of Choose Arthur Engoron in his New York civil case.

However this isn’t nearly Trump. For Gaetz and others within the populist wing, there needed to be payback towards McCarthy, as nicely; not for any particular coverage, after all, however relatively for working with Democrats to maintain the federal authorities from shutting down. Gaetz needed to make it clear that, even when it was inconceivable for McCarthy to do his job by working inside his celebration, he wasn’t allowed to work outdoors it. And now he doesn’t have that job anymore.

‘Looking for glamor by making information’


Lilliana Mason is the SNF Agora Institute affiliate professor of political science at Johns Hopkins College.

McCarthy’s ouster is simply one other symptom of some underlying processes.

First, an extremist far-right motion (which has at all times existed in American politics however used to really feel politically remoted) has grown organized inside the Republican Occasion. Trump acted as a lightning rod to draw People comparable to Black individuals, Latinos, Muslims and LGBTQ+. By embracing this group of residents, the Republican Occasion has inspired rabble-rousing on behalf of those anti-pluralistic actions.

Second, the gamification of politics encourages fame-seekers like Matt Gaetz to disregard critical issues of governing and focus as a substitute on attracting consideration by sowing chaos. Successfully operating a nation isn’t glamorous — however modern American politics has attracted precisely the kind of candidates who’re looking for glamor by making information.

Third, our political information media privileges tales about battle. This focus performs into deep-seated human inclinations to concentrate to unhealthy issues — and is rewarded with public consideration. This incentivizes information media to inform People a narrative about politics that’s largely about division, animosity and attention-seeking methods — all laid over an “us vs. them” framework. Politicians know that every one they should do to achieve consideration is to begin a struggle. Little or no information media concentrate on the arduous work and compromise of governing a nation, partly as a result of they know that only a few People pays consideration.

Our electoral and governing establishments … are usually not designed for contemporary American politics’


Jennifer Victor is an affiliate professor of political science at George Mason College’s Schar Faculty Coverage and Authorities.

The erosion of democratic values within the Republican Occasion is a perform of, and enabled by, our electoral and governing establishments that aren’t designed for contemporary American politics.

Our present political scenario contains sturdy particular person partisanship that’s more and more polarized and weak political events neatly organized alongside ideological strains. This division is the results of a long-brewing storm fed by (1) segmented, vigorous social backlash to advances in civil rights within the Nineteen Sixties and 2010s, (2) marketing campaign finance laws first adopted within the Nineteen Seventies, (3) tax reforms first adopted within the Nineteen Eighties and (4) modernization and deregulation of media expertise within the Nineteen Nineties that makes it simpler for populist demagogues to achieve a following. Collectively, these generated and exacerbated inequalities in America.

The political response to this grand storm produced the political events as they exist right now, organized on racial, ideological and academic strains. We should always count on additional dysfunction, political violence and aberrant political occasions till one thing disrupts the present equilibrium.

The dysfunction would enhance if two issues have been totally different. First, the recalcitrant faction within the Republican Occasion, which is unwilling to barter compromises and has a penchant for leveraging guidelines to take care of a grip on energy, have to be restrained or quashed. That is troublesome as a result of such a faction has existed in not less than one of many main U.S. political events all through U.S. historical past — it’s why it took 175 years to rid the nation of chattel slavery and Jim Crow.

Second, the U.S. would profit from improved methods of illustration. Alienated populations are sometimes drawn to anti-democratic political options. Enhancing illustration requires basic adjustments to how representatives are elected and the way events are organized.

A number of reform actions are gaining traction in the USA, though none is a panacea. Promising approaches embody increasing alternatives for candidates, events and coverage agendas, comparable to enlarging the Home, implementing multimember congressional districts, poll reforms and constraining election funding. Many of those adjustments would require constitutional amendments, Supreme Court docket reversals or supermajority legislative coalitions, making them unlikely to occur anytime quickly. Nevertheless, persistence and unwavering dedication to reform are the one issues which have ever achieved it.

‘The issue just isn’t American politics, per se. It’s one celebration.’


Joshua Zeitz, a Politico Journal contributing author, is the creator of .

Aconstitutional democracy requires not less than two functioning political events, every keen to simply accept that it’s going to typically lose elections. As was the case throughout the Secession Winter of 1860-1861, right now, one celebration refuses to acknowledge the result of free and honest elections, the legitimacy of the democratic course of and the need of negotiating with one’s political opponents.

Of the various damaged parts of American politics, one stands out above the remaining: the Republican Occasion. As was the case 160 years in the past, the “drawback” in American politics just isn’t American politics, per se. It’s one celebration — its leaders, its base. Till that celebration recommits itself to the beliefs of constitutional democracy (or is changed by a viable conservative celebration that can), our politics will stay damaged, and dangerously so.

Whereas the political system is damaged, the tradition of democracy is powerful’


Cornell William Brooks, the previous president of the NAACP, is the professor of the follow of public management and social justice and director of the William Monroe Trotter Collaborative for Social Justice on the Harvard Kennedy Faculty.

What’s damaged in American politics is the unbalanced tilt towards zealous righteousness over commonsense reasonableness. Gerrymandered uncompetitive Home districts reward the politics of racialized zealotry. Particular curiosity cash immunizes partisan hardliners from broad public curiosity appeals. And lastly, social media incentivizes clicks and likes over document and legacy.

That mentioned, whereas the political system is damaged, the tradition of democracy is powerful. We’ve got generationally unprecedented ranges of activism, the place younger individuals brazenly embrace an intersectional evaluation, numerous, coalition constructing and a historic sense of urgency — punctuated by local weather change’s existential deadline on the planet. Kevin McCarthy and Matt Gaetz each appear politically childish in comparison with right now’s younger advocates.

‘It’s vital to not confuse stability with democratic well being’


Julia Azari is a professor of political science at Marquette College.

My first intuition was to problem the premise of the query that one thing is damaged. From a protected sufficient distance, what’s occurring within the Home appears to be like recognizable: three political events maneuvering inside a legislature — however in our case, it occurs to be happening inside a two-party system. If we consider the Gaetz faction as a small far-right celebration, then neither of the 2 mainstream events has an actual majority within the Home, although each events are shut. And whereas it’s not nice to be in a scenario the place no actual majority exists, particularly in a majoritarian physique just like the Home, it’s not intrinsically unhealthy.

Moreover, breaking with precedent isn’t at all times unhealthy — it’s alright to mud off hardly ever used procedures just like the movement to vacate and use them when acceptable. The Home has periodically revised how energy works inside the chamber and redistributed it to be kind of centralized, concentrated within the speaker and the bulk, or dispersed among the many committees. It’s vital to not confuse stability with democratic well being — that’s a part of how we obtained right here.

So what is improper? If we glance nearer, we will see the weather of dysfunction extra clearly. Listed here are two different issues, associated and fairly troublesome. First is the drive for minority rule. We will say {that a} faction of the slim majority celebration within the Home desires to carry the nation hostage, or we will say that it’s a separate, far-right celebration, however no matter they’re, they threatened to halt authorities operations in the event that they didn’t get their means. They didn’t achieve inflicting a authorities shutdown, however now the flexibility of the Home of Representatives . These are the duly elected representatives of the individuals of the USA, most of whom didn’t vote for this.

And the second motive is that whereas a bipartisan majority existed to proceed funding the federal government for the subsequent 45 days, that coalition didn’t prolong to supporting McCarthy’s speakership. There are many explanations for why Democrats didn’t come to his rescue, however an vital one is that extra mainstream Republicans like McCarthy have persistently coalesced with the far-right, the Matt Gaetzes and the Marjorie Taylor Greenes of their midst — even when it was clear that they discovered their actions objectionable.

The rationale this far-right group is pivotal, after all, is as a result of the margin of management is so shut. Once more, it’s not that uncommon for a small faction of 1 celebration or one other (and even each) to be pivotal in a legislative context. What’s uncommon is that it’s a bunch so hostile to cooperation, and whose commitments to fundamental tenets of democracy are so questionable.

‘There’s a straight throughline between Trump and the Republicans in Congress’


Jeff Greenfield is a five-time Emmy-winning community tv analyst and creator.

I suspect that you simply’ll be seeing lots of Mark Twain within the effort to elucidate what occurred within the Home this week. “Suppose you have been an fool, and suppose you have been a member of Congress,” he as soon as mentioned. “However I repeat myself.”

However I’ve obtained a distinct go-to voice: William of Ockham, an English Franciscan monk who died in Germany round 1347 — roughly half a millennium earlier than the USA was born.

His statement? “Entities are to not be multiplied past necessity.” In less complicated phrases, the only resolution is normally the suitable one, as Occam’s razor is now identified. “Whenever you hear hoofbeats,” a standard instance goes, “assume horses, not zebras.”

Why is that this key to deciphering Congress? One undeniable fact that has dominated Republican pondering for eight years now defines the conduct of the celebration: There’s just about no conduct, nevertheless repellent, nevertheless malicious, that can set off a political value, as a result of the beating coronary heart of the Republican base won’t care.

It started, after all, with Trump. In 2016, within the wake of his graceless, typically ugly conduct — mocking a disabled reporter, bragging of sexual harassment — 4 of the final 5 GOP presidential nominees refused to endorse him. That ought to have been the precursor to a convincing repudiation; as a substitute, Trump obtained a bigger share of the GOP vote than John McCain or Mitt Romney. The conduct was a function, not a bug. Certainly, a platoon of Republicans who responded to Trump with condemnation discovered themselves out of workplace — from Jeff Flake to Liz Cheney.

From that instance, like troopers springing from dragon’s enamel, a brand new strategy to politics spawned the emergence of the Marjorie Taylor Greenes, the Matt Gaetzes, the Lauren Boeberts — proof against what as soon as was the facility of “the grownups” to consign such forces to oblivion. Furthermore, the MAGA base that embraced something and every thing Trump was the bottom to which increasingly more Republicans pledged fealty. Compromise was treason; maintaining the federal government functioning with Republican and Democratic votes? The “deep state” in motion. Laborious-liners staked out essentially the most radical turf — we now have enemies, not rivals; we embrace the wildest of evidence-free slander; we’ll fund the true believers which units them freed from any obligation to what was as soon as the mainstream of the celebration.

There’s a straight throughline between Trump and the Republicans in Congress right now (and sure, this can be a matter of only one celebration; take a look at what Nancy Pelosi did with a majority as slim as Kevin McCarthy’s). There aren’t any limits; there is no such thing as a backside. There is no such thing as a normal to which both Trump or his celebration acolytes defer. That escalator Trump rode eight and a half years in the past continues to be descending, and so is his celebration. Out of enthusiasm or out of worry, Republicans are going alongside for the journey.

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